Mink Machine

CSS Menu

When I redesigned the Impulse homepage in 2003, I was tempted to try a pull-down menu. This is often done with a lot of horrible JavaScript but I wanted to do one using CSS (even though this example features JavaScript to make it work in IE). It is reasonably cross-browser and standards compliant.

Please note that I do not recommend using this kind of menu for public sites, since it is inaccessible for users with CSS turned off and several mobile browsers. Some users also find it difficult to navigate with pull-down menus. If you use this kind of menu on a site, make sure that navigation is possible even without the pull-down.

Here is an example of how such a menu could look like. Hover to see it in action.

How is this done? The markup looks like this:

<ul id="mainnav"> <li><a href="#">English</a> <ul> <li><a href="#">William Blake</a></li> <li><a href="#">Emily Bronte</a></li> <li><a href="#">Robert Burns</a></li> <li><a href="#">John Keats</a></li> <li><a href="#">Percy Bysshe Shelley</a></li> </ul> </li> ... </ul>

As you might guess, the technique is basically about nesting UL elements. The first level of list items is the main navigation. The CSS to handle it looks something like this:

ul#mainnav li { display: inline; position: relative; list-style: none; ...

The second level of unordered lists is the actual drop-down. They are initially invisible, done by setting display:none. They are also positioned absolute, like this:

ul#mainnav li ul { position: absolute; top: 15px; left: -40px; display: none; }

Unfortunately, IE has lousy support for the :hover pseudo class. So to make it work properly, we have to use a bit of JavaScript to attach mouse-over events to the list elements (thank you, Patrick Griffiths and Dan Webb). The solution also uses the infamous Holly Hack for another IE patch.

As always, there is plenty of room for improvement and this code should only serve as a humble example (for instance, don't use inline styles and scripts!).

[2003]

Featured stories

Greetings from Moldova

"But Chisinau is an unexpected gem in the wilderness. Even though Moldova is one of the poorest countries in Europe, the capital has its fair share of impressive buildings and post-Soviet architecture."

Reliving history in Washington D.C.

"As I entered the heavily guarded Rotunda in the center, some of the most famous documents in the world laid before me."

Visions of Singapore

"By extensive use of landfill with sand bought from Indonesia and Cambodia, the bay area has expanded greatly in the last few years and tall buildings pop up everywhere."

The dark days of Sarajevo

"The city survived on the edge of annihilation and has started to recover, but the stone walls still seem to cry out in lament of all the horrible things they have seen."

Historic locations in Gothenburg

"Hundreds of houses were quickly build, but unfortunately all of it was burned to the ground in 1611 by Danish forces."

Conquering Machu Picchu

"A life-long dream came true this morning, as I stood upon the mountain looking down at Machu Picchu. I felt like some strange mix between Indiana Jones and a small boy, gazing down upon the final treasure of the Incas."

Instagram